Development of Atomic Operation e-Voting System with Biometric Security Authentication. – P.T. Bukie, C. Ituma, and A. E. Ibor
Nigeria got her independence on October 1, 1960, and since then, Nigeria have been using manual voting process in conducting elections into public offices. However, this system is replete with several challenges. Prominent among these challenges is that it can only handle electronic accreditation process using the Smart Card Reader Machine, which is still deficient in authenticating voters. To proffer solution to the various challenges encountered in conventional voting system such as voter verification and authentication, ballot theft, spoiling of ballot, disenfranchisement of eligible voters, and delay in the collation, computation and release of election results, this paper presents an atomic operation e-Voting system with biometric security (verification and authentication). The system also possess a distributed relational database that can allow voters to cast votes from anywhere in the world using an open source technology called mySQL. The system also possesses the capabilities for cancelling compromised fingerprint biometrics after the enrollment, verification and authentication of voters. The research adopts the Rapid Application Development (RAD), instantiating each facet of the election structure as objects. Results from the implementation of the proposed system show that e-Voting System is capable of capturing voters’ personal data and fingerprint during enrollment and link them for verification and authentication in a manner that allows duly registered voters to cast their votes and their votes devoid of any form of discrepancies. The implementation of the system shows a fingerprint capture rate of 98% in terms of accuracy, thus, representing a high operational efficiency for the proposed system.